James Larkin was an Irish labor coordinator, facilitator and an advocate. He established The Irish Transport and General Workers’ union. He was born on in 1876 in Liverpool. He did different hand-operated jobs and grew to be a taskmaster at the Liverpool docks.
He was a self-governing individual and was devoted to fighting for fair working conditions for the workers in Liverpool. He joined the National Union of Dock Laborers that promoted him to become an all time in trade union architect later in 1905.
Due to his active strike action techniques, NUDL did not like him, and this forced the organization to move him to Dublin. This motivated Larkin to form the Irish Transport and General Workers Union with the hope of helping the experienced, and non-experienced Irish industrial workers form a union that would fight for their rights and prosperity in the society.
In 1908, he formed a ground plan of the political program for the union. He frame worked a justifiable eight hours a day,provision of work for all unemployed and annuities for all workers at 60 years of age. He emphasized on essential intervention courts, rights of adults to vote,social control of canals, railways and all the means of transport. The land of Ireland was to be for the people of Ireland.
Larkin collaborated with James Connolly to establish the Irish Labor Party which led out a series of strikes throughout Dublin to fight for the rights of unskilled workers. More than 100,000 workers went on strike or more than seven months which enabled them to win a right to fair employment courtesy one, Mr. Larkin
James used violence free methods such as companionable strikes and prohibiting of goods to fight for the rights of the workers.
He was too knowledgeable to understand that he could not use force and violence to build a multitude trade union through sabotaging the same firms where his members worked in.
He encouraged the Irishmen to fight for their land and not to engross themselves in the First World War. He led colossal war contrary demonstrations to urge the people of Dublin to keep off the war. He continued to work relentlessly for the benefits and convenience of the workers until his demise in January 1947.